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Vim is a powerful text editor, you can install it with some plugins


sudo apt install -y vim


Edit system configuration

sudo vim /etc/vim/vimrc
  • nocompatible to use Vim instead of Vi
  • number to display line numbers
  • background=dark to use dark theme
  • tabstop=4 to use 4 spaces for tab
  • smartindent to use smart indentation
  • autoindent to use auto indentation
  • backspace=indent,eol,start to use backspace
  • ignorecase to ignore case
  • ruler to display cursor position
  • showcmd to display command in bottom
  • mouse=a to enable mouse
set nocompatible
set number
set background=dark
set tabstop=4
set smartindent
set autoindent
set backspace=indent,eol,start
set ignorecase
set ruler
set showcmd
set mouse=a


Vim has two modes.

You can find a cheatsheet on

  • Insert mode (Where you can just type like normal text editor. Press i for insert mode)
  • Command mode (Where you give commands to the editor to get things done . Press ESC for command mode)

Insert mode

You can write text in this mode.

Command mode

  • x: to delete the unwanted character
  • u: to undo the last the command and U to undo the whole line CTRL-R to redo
  • A: to append text at the end
  • :x: to save and exit
  • :q!: to trash all changes
  • dw: move the cursor to the beginning of the word to delete that word
  • 2w: to move the cursor two words forward.
  • 3e: to move the cursor to the end of the third word forward.
  • 0 (zero): to move to the start of the line.
  • d2w: which deletes 2 words .. number can be changed for deleting the number of consecutive words like d3w
  • dd: to delete the line and 2dd to delete to line .number can be changed for deleting the number of consecutive words
  • :1,$d: to delete all lines from the current line to the end

MIT License